Share Tweet Share Share Guy Crequie French POET, WRITER AND ORDINARY PHILOSOPHER UNIVERSAL AMBASSADOR OF PEACE LAUREATE OF THE EUROPEAN AND WORLD ACADEMIES OF CULTURE AND ARTS PRIZE WINNER OF THE ACADEMIES EUROPEAN AND WORLD OF CULTURE AND ARTS [themify_hr color=”red”] Initially, the name of racism does not have of scientific criterion as I low expose it in this text. I use it: this, because name racism with a connotation specifies in the popular speech, and a sociological significance understood by all and all. This year: this day occurs in an international context tended and complicated, which alas does not support the respectful attitudes of universal citizen. However, we all belong and all whatever our continent to universal mankind in its developed phase of the Homo sapiens. The wars at the Middle East and in sub-Saharan Africa, and in this context the israélo-Palestinian conflict which lasts for ever = cause clear-cut positions in favor of a camp, often according to the ideological options. That, does not support a serene behavior of reception of the migratory flux from the rise of terrorism with its attacks all over the world, and its taking of hostages under its various names of: DAECH, AL-QAIDA, AQMI, BOKO HARAM, ….. Indeed, these criminal odious acts, create fears, anguishes, fears and complicate the understanding reception of the political refugees in Europe victims of the wars, sometimes of the climatic epidemics and catastrophes, when alas sometimes all is cumulated. Admittedly, countries like Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey receive per ten thousands of the refugees and in Europe the coasts Italian and Greek are those the most requested by the newcomers of which many embarked in boats of fortune by frontier runners without scruple, die at sea before touching the expected ground. But that creates tensions within the EU (European Union), between the partisans of the reception like Germany and other countries like Hungary, Poland and others which reject them and which try to stop them by protections: Walls, barbed wires, militarized borders… In this context, it is alas easy to note confusions which take place between the membership of an ethnos group, a culture, a religion, with the Islam and of its caricatural version of fundamentalist and political Islamism. This, whereas the economic crisis of 2008 caused a procession of unemployed person, various crises: housing, wages blocked, precarious work, and such circumstances facilitate the identity folds or the regroupings communautarists. The tensions which developed these two last years between Russia the United States and the European Union feed also the anguish and the absence of vision of a desirable future. UNO: seem more not to have a weight on the States nation and in particular most powerful militarily and economically which are freed from some of their obligations, or which use wrongly of their right to veto at the Security Council of UNO. However, the best way of respecting the citizens of the world than we all are and all, would be to have of the means and the support supporting sustainable development on all planet. Then, the reception of the migrants for those and those which make the choice of the exodus pushed by climatic conditions or safety with such a prospect would meet another echo, and would support the dialog between the civilizations and the harmony between the people. Then: impossible some will say. However, if one enters all it sums escaped in the tax havens and if one adds to it: all the gigantic military expenditure related to the nuclear weapons, chemical and bacteriological, there would be what to regulate many problems of planet. Alas, these last years, the acts anti-semite developed in France, and also racist discriminations persist for the job access, with a formation, a housing, according to its ethnos group, its name, its facies…. The Théo business, reopened the debate on racial discriminations =Théo = this young person hospitalized following a muscular immobilization made by police officers following a control which degenerated, and which has after-effects in its body = after-effects qualified of rape by criticisms of certain comparable police methods to discriminatory attitudes according to: the facies, and the appearance of certain young people. Justice will slice this business and the responsibilities, but this fact, after other burs, created a considerable emotion in our country. This said, whereas in France with the emergency state following the terrorist attacks, the trade of police officer is very difficult, tiring, and its mediatization asks for police officers of a competence and probity specimens, respectful of the values of the Republic, but paid better, equipped better, being able to justify their intervention by camera and receipt which become necessary, but which will add to the complexity of their situation. A neighborhood police: knowing the ground and its inhabitants, suited to the dialog, but without the use of the tu or another sufficient situation, while being firm on work to make = is a balance which remains to be found. I remember already at the beginning of the years 2000, to have tackled these questions during a formation with the social therapeutist: Charles ROJZMAN. And however, science brings a lighting to us on our psychobiological reality. We all are of the human beings, it in a strict sense does not exist race. When the large plagues which threaten our humanities: the wars, the epidemics, the climatic disorders, poverty, the access to water, with energies, will be in the process of resolution, many evils will disappear which will support our to become common. Even if certain poisons will require a democratic vigilance still a long time and that differences far from being lived like obstacles or tares, but like inevitable and fertile wealths. In the States, their governments, to be conscious about it! Especially:to the people to direct them from this point of view because it is the only likely one to save humanity. From this point of view of the spiritual leaders like the Pope FRANÇOIS and Daisaku IKEDA and Dalaï Lama for Buddhism, are éveilleurs of conscience, but it is also a scientific method of research for the peace initiated by the Russian thinker Léo SEMASHO, who has relay on all the continents, which transcends the membership of such philosophy and religion, and which by a scientific approach total science for peace (GPS), with the interaction of the spheres, offers a universal teaching means to mobilize the people for peace and the harmony. Complement on the subject treated this day: The concepts of race, of innate gifts, justifying the inequalities, being used as a basis the racist theories and to anti-semites, continue to feed the chronicles and the behaviors. However, the social history of the men and the women, is never but that of their individual development. Also of MARX in the manuscripts of 1844, in Simone de Beauvoir,…; in Judith Butler (To demolish the kind; editions of Amsterdam, 2006) it appears clearly, that the question of the women, is primarily the question of the men. The Key of femininity is in the historical relationship to the masculinity. Admittedly, the long ones and painful combat of feminists accentuate the event of the taking into account of their basic rights; however their emancipation passes by the transformation of mentalities and male practices for a total emancipation of mankind. As wrote it Lucien SEVE, in its masterly test “the Man”; editions the Argument, 2009: the anthropological development cannot have any more the aim of elucidating the characteristic of the man but well that of the humanity concretely considered under development its historical. The psychic subject is not a natural invariant, but a historical production inherent in each kind of social formation…. The essential contribution of VYGOTSKI was faculty to understand that psychology became science only by identifying its object with the personality, but by being unaware of, that the only true access to the personality passes by the biography. The major idea is that specifically human psychism, takes source in the social world but acquires its identity in the individual life. The only place or the history and the biological one really coincide, it is the passage to the concrete individual, his existence made of all that passes between its birth and its death (matter of Georges POLITZER). Thus, concerning the criticism of the ideology of the gifts, reality is different: the mental capacities, are the fruit of an appropriation whose secrecy is of a nonneuronal nature: innate, the but biographical one. The psychic form (like such) of individuality, does not come from sociability, but from individuality. Who known as: perception, emotion, memory, intelligence, will, said by the same individual with his corporality, his sexuality, its mental ability, its activity, its temporality…. Thus for example, to say that the natives or autochtones of Australia and Latin America are delayed, dangerous obstacles with progress by nature, is incorrect, and serves only the doctrinaire approach, discriminatory. In its book:“The Man”; editions the Argument, 2008/2009, Lucien SEVE can write, I quote: “by using the neological concept of juxta structure: although they are functionally given by the whole of the social reports, the individuals, do not emerge on this basis, but are to some extent geared laterally in it, without having their source there even…” Thus, speech of race nourishing racism and the anti-semitism, is an attempt dangerous, criminal, to divide the human beings. Here what I wrote on this subject in my test “Philosophy and autonomy citizen of thought”; university editions, October 2010, with a foreword of my friend Ernesto KAHAN: Admittedly, in crisis period, of anguish of the following day, the rise of unemployment, the fear of the future nourishes the fears, that to apprehend the differences which can be lived: = not like inevitable and fertile wealths, but like obstacles or tares. All begins like indicated it: the philosophers Martin Buber and Emmanuel Lévinas, by our glance related to the other, the different one. One should not confuse the dialog which (like expressed it in its works and its proposals for the peace addressed each January 26th to the General secretary of UNO, Buddhist essay writer Daisaku IKEDA) passes initially by interiorizing the reality of the other, with the debate: whose challenge is frequently (as for the political tournaments) = to gain on the other, to overcome it intellectually. Then certainly sometimes there exists a racism, with the sociological direction gets along; this because the concept of race does not have any scientific base, however the fears or the particular history of such or such, in its context historical and social which can become those of a whole social group, can be transformed into prejudices, incomprehension, even hostility with respect to the white, of Arabic, African, the Jew, in the same way with respect to another sex, of a confession or design of the existence…. IN CONNECTION WITH THE PROBLEMS HUMAN RACES ? To answer the question, it would already be necessary to correctly define the term of “human race”. In terms of classification of the species, the species is last classification and there exists only one mankind: the homo sapiens. The term “race” thus does not have a strictly scientific direction. The term “race” applies normally only to the domestic species, to make a fine differentiation, based on morphological criteria. Thus one distinguishes Labrador from the German shepherd on morphological criteria. But this distinction is completely artificial, due to the selection forced by the stockbreeders during centuries to propose such or such particular morphological characteristic. “Races” of cats were thus created by judicious crossings in great number during the last century. In the same way, one can distinguish from the human “races” on morphological criteria. The USA admit thus completely officially the term of “race” to define ethniquement their population except that it is up to each one to define itself in which “race” he feels to belong. Resulting from mother white and from father Kenyan, Barack Obama defines itself as “Afro-American” but if it had been defined as “white” owing to the fact that his/her mother is white and of American nationality, that would not have been disputed to him from a strictly administrative point of view. Nevertheless, this classification remains a fantastic notion, on purely morphological criteria. One chose to propose the color of the skin because at one time, it was representative of a space distribution. But one could have chosen other criteria: the “race” of fair different from the “race” of the brown ones. A “race” for the blue eyes and another for the eyes chestnut. There is no difference to define a “race” on the color of the skin or the color of the eyes, scientifically speaking. In short, one can use the term “race “to define a population ethniquement. It then belongs to sociology to define which cutting is relevant for which goal, while remembering that does not have other realities only sociological.” Also: to answer a friend, when young sons of immigrants, the proven case, do not comply with the rules of the host country: France or other, this does not come from an incapacity registered by nature in their genes, nor of the reality of an ethnos group which would not adapt, but it is a problem of parental education, a responsibility for the school system to teach them the language and the history from the country, and with the country itself, in its official responsibility and citizen, to learn how to them to comply with its legal rules, social, and it: commune with the Central state and these requirements will be validated less with difficulty if discriminations cease.